The National Pest Management Association (NPMA) sponsors several pest events throughout the year to bring more awareness to certain pests. On March 11-17, the NPMA is hosting Termite Awareness Week with the intention to promote public awareness of termites. In honor of Termite Awareness Week and in partnership with the NPMA, we’ve compiled this list of termites that inhabit South Carolina.
The subterranean termite is by far the most destructive termite. Their colonies are divided by castes: worker, reproductive and soldier. The soldier has huge mandibles to tear of tiny pieces of wood, but those tiny pieces can add up quick! These termites live in colonies underground and also in moist, secluded places above ground. In the spring, the swarm and the reproductive go off to form new colonies. Their colonies are vast and can have as many as two million members!
These particular termites do not prefer moist wood like the Subterranean or the Formosan. Instead, they prefer dry wood like you would find in attic joists or supporting structural walls. The damage these critters can cause can get pretty expensive pretty fast without you even knowing it. Their colony size is small compared to the two other species discussed, only averaging 2,500 members per colony. A scary thing about these termites is their ability to be spread through secondhand furniture and picture frames! So, when bringing used furniture into your home, inspect it!
The Formosan termite is also known as the “super termite” for its destructive tendencies. Their colonies have an average size of 350,000 members but can number in range of several million! Within 25 days, an average colony of Formosans can consume one foot of 2×4 wood. These termites are known to infest not only structures, but also places like shrubs, trees and even boats. They can chew through wood, flooring and wallpaper without notice.
Prevention techniques will vary based on the type of termite, but these tips are pretty general and will help you keep an eye out for all different sorts of termites!
- Keep mulch beds at least 15 inches away from foundation.
- Install gutters, downspouts and water blocks around the house ad also repair any leaky faucets or AC pipes to prevent moisture buildup.
- Avoid wood-to-ground contact around the perimeter of your home.
- Properly ventilate crawlspaces and attics for signs of an infestation.
- Store firewood at least 20 feet from the house and 5 inches off the ground.
- Regularly check the foundation of your home for any mud tubes. This could be a termite colony. You should also check attics, window sills and door frames for holes and hollowed out wood.
If you think you have a termite infestation, it is best to partner with a professional pest management company like Gregory. Our experts have many years of experience under their belts that enable them to perform the best pest services! Termites can be extremely hard to get rid of on your own, so let us help you. We have several plans and packages that will help you on your road to a termite-free home.